原創翻譯:龍騰網 http://www.effitb.tw 翻譯:山東姐妹 轉載請注明出處



Throughout the ages men have used condoms made of an amazing variety of materials from simple cloth and oil paper

古往今來,男人用來做避孕套的材料五花八門,有簡易的布料,也有油紙。

To turtle shells and animal horns, though don''''''''''''''''t ask me how.

至于龜殼和動物角,不要問我怎么弄。

Anyway, thankfully today, we can stay safe without having to don dead animal parts

無論如何,謝天謝地,如今,我們不用套上動物尸體,就可以安全交歡了。

The rubber condom was invented in the mid 19th century

橡膠避孕套發明于19世紀中期

Today most are made of natural latex rubber, which is strong, thin, and longer-lasting

如今,大多數是由天然膠乳橡膠制成的,這種橡膠強韌,輕薄,耐操

(1.天然乳膠是橡膠樹割膠時流出的液體,呈乳白色,固含量為30%~40%,橡膠粒徑平均為1.06微米。新鮮的天然乳膠含橡膠成分27%~41.3%(質量)、水44%~70%、蛋白質0.2%~4.5%、天然樹脂2%~5%、糖類0.36%~4.2%、灰分0.4%。為防止天然乳膠因微生物、酶的作用而凝固,常加入氨和其他穩定劑。天然乳膠主要用于制作海綿制品、壓出制品和浸漬制品。

2.乳膠(latex)泛指聚合物微粒分散于水中形成的膠體乳液。又稱膠乳。習慣上將橡膠微粒的水分散體稱為膠乳,而將樹脂微粒的水分散體稱為乳液。以乳膠為原料制成的制品稱乳膠制品,常見的如海綿、手套、玩具、膠管等。

3.天然橡膠是一種以聚異戊二烯為主要成分的天然高分子化合物,分子式是(C5H8)n,其成分中91%~94%是橡膠烴(聚異戊二烯),其余為蛋白質、脂肪酸、灰分、糖類等非橡膠物質。天然橡膠是應用最廣的通用橡膠。

4.橡膠是提取橡膠樹、橡膠草等植物的膠乳,加工后制成的具有彈性、絕緣性、不透水和空氣的材料,為高彈性的高分子化合物,可分為天然橡膠與合成橡膠二種。天然橡膠是從橡膠樹、橡膠草等植物中提取膠質后加工制成;合成橡膠則由各種單體經聚合反應而得。)



The mold spin through a dryer, are dipped again, then spin through the dryer once more

模具旋轉通過一個干燥機,再次浸泡、通過旋轉干燥機一次

The latex is now the correct thickness

乳膠現在是恰當的厚度

The next station on the line curls up the edge with a rolling brush forming what''''''''''''''''s called a bead

下一站用滾動的刷子卷起邊緣,形成所謂的厚邊

This bead is what later enables the condom to be rolled up into a flat disc

這些個厚邊在后面的生產線上使得避孕套可以卷成一個扁平的圓盤

The condoms go through an oven for 10 to 12 minutes. When they come out the latex is cured.

避孕套在烤箱中烘烤10到12分鐘。 當它們出烤箱時,乳膠就固化了。

The next station removes the condoms from the molds with high-pressure water jets

下一站用高壓水槍將避孕套從模具中沖出

They''''''''''''''''re now washed and dried with a cornstarch solution

生產線現在要用玉米淀粉溶液洗滌和干燥了

This leaves a layer of powder on the sticky latex surface preventing the condom from sticking to itself

這樣就在乳膠表面留下了一層粉末,防止避孕套粘在一起

The factory''''''''''''''''s quality control lab checks random samples from every batch

工廠的質量控制實驗室隨機抽查每批次產品的樣品



The mandrel is made of metal a good conductor of electricity

這軸柄是用金屬制成的,是導電的良導體

a spinning rubber wand with an electric current running through it goes over each condom

每個避孕套上都有電流通過旋轉橡膠棒

If there''''''''''''''''s a hole in the latex the current from the rubber wand will run through it and come into contact with the mandrel

如果乳膠上有一個洞,電流就會穿過它,并與軸柄接觸

This triggers the machine to reject the defective condom after it''''''''''''''''s rolled up

這會觸發機器在有缺陷的避孕套被卷起后淘汰它

The condoms roll up neatly thanks to the bead at the rim

多虧了安全套頂端上的氣囊,避孕套可以卷得整整齊齊

A robotic arm tosses the defective ones into a rejection bin and

一個機械手臂會將有缺陷的產品扔進廢品箱



Pushers insert them into the box

機械推手把避孕套送進盒子里

The next station seals the boxes and prints the lock tracking number and expiry date

下一站,密封箱子,并打印鎖跟蹤號碼和過期日期

Both of which were also printed on the foil packets inside

里面的錫箔紙包裝上也印有這兩組數字

The foil packets protect the latex from damage caused by moisture, heat, and ozone

鋁箔包裝可以保護乳膠免受水分,熱量和臭氧造成的損害

So these condoms are good to go for the next five years

因此這些避孕套在接下來的五年里都是稱職的攔精靈。