原創翻譯:龍騰網 http://www.effitb.tw 翻譯:雨天不打傘 轉載請注明出處
論壇地址:http://www.effitb.tw/bbs/thread-486555-1-1.html

India to buy US missile system to shield Delhi

印度購買美國導彈系統以保衛德里

Missile

India is swiftly moving aheadto acquire the National Advanced Surface to Air Missile System-II (NASAMS-II)from the US, which will be used along with indigenous, Russian and Israelisystems to erect an ambitious multi-layered missile shield over the NationalCapital Territory of Delhi against aerial threats ranging from drones toballistic missiles.

印度正在迅速推進獲得來自美國的先進地空導彈系統2型 (NASAMS-II),其將與印度本土、俄羅斯和以色列的防御系統一起,在國家首都德里建立一個雄心勃勃的多層導彈防御系統,從而抵御從無人機到彈道導彈的各種空中威脅。

Defence ministry sources saidthe US is likely to send the final draft of the ‘letter of acceptance’ for thesale of NASAMS-II to India under its foreign military sales programme, at acost of over Rs 6,000 crore (almost $1 billion), by July-August.

印度國防部消息人士稱,美國可能會在7-8月之前,向印度遞交一份根據其對外軍售計劃向印度出售NASAMS-II的“接受函”的最終草案,其花費將超過600億盧比(約合10億美元)。

“Several rounds of negotiations, including selection of sites fordeployment of the missile batteries around Delhi, have already taken place.Once the deal is inked, the deliveries will take place in two to four years,”said a source. The MoD had earlier granted ‘acceptance of necessity’ to theNASAMS acquisition, which was followed by India issuing a formal ‘letter ofrequest’ (LoR) to the US, as reported by TOI in July last year.

“已經進行了幾輪談判,包括選擇在德里周圍部署導彈基地的地點。一旦協議簽署,兩到四年后就能交貨。”據印度《印度時報》去年7月報道,國防部早些時候批準了印度對NASAMS導彈系統的采購,隨后印度向美國發出了正式的“請求函”。



As per the proposed overallair defence plan for Delhi, the innermost layer of protection will be throughthe NASAMS. It will be a combination of different weapons like Stingersurface-to-air missiles, gun systems and AIM-120C-7 AMRAAMs (advancedmedium-range air-to-air missiles), backed by three-dimensional Sentinel radars,fire-distribution centres and command-and-control units. “The networked system,capable of even shooting around buildings, will take care of 9/11-like andother close-in threats,” said the source.

根據擬議的德里總體防空計劃,最內層的保護將通過NASAMS導彈防御系統。它將是不同武器的組合體,如毒刺地對空導彈、火炮系統和AIM-120C-7防空導彈(先進中程空空導彈),由三維前哨雷達、火力分配中心和指揮控制單元支持。該消息人士稱,“這一網絡系統甚至可以對建筑物周圍進行射擊,可以應對類似911的恐怖事件和其他近距離威脅。”

The outermost layer of Delhi’smissile shield will be provided by the indigenous two-tier ballistic missiledefence (BMD) system being developed by DRDO. This system’s AAD (advanced airdefence) and PAD (Prithvi air defence) interceptor missiles are currentlygeared to intercept enemy missiles, in the 2,000-km class, at altitudes from15-25 km to 80-100 km.

德里導彈防御系統的最外層將由印度國防研究和發展組織(DRDO)正在開發的本土雙層彈道導彈防御系統(BMD)組成。該系統的AAD(先進防空)和PAD (普里特維防空)攔截導彈【譯注:AAD用于大氣層內防空,PAD用于大氣層外防空,兩者都是印度自行研制的防空導彈】目前用于攔截2000公里級的敵方導彈,高度從15-25公里到80-100公里。

The second layer will bethrough the highly automated and mobile S-400 systems, which will have missileswith interception ranges of 120, 200, 250 and 380 km, backed by theirassociated battle-management system of command posts and launchers, long-rangeacquisition and engagement radars.

第二層將通過高度自動化和高機動性的S-400系統組成,該系統將擁有攔截射程120、200、250和380公里的導彈,由其相關的指揮站和發射器的戰斗管理系統、遠程捕獲和交戰雷達提供支持。

Then will come the Barak-8medium-range surface-to-air missile systems, jointly developed by IsraeliAerospace Industries and DRDO, which have a 70-100 km interception range. Theindigenous Akash area defence missile systems, with a 25-km range will form thelayer over the NASAMs.

然后是巴拉克-8中程地對空導彈系統,由以色列航空航天工業公司和DRDO聯合開發,具有70-100公里的攔截射程。而具有25公里的射程的本土的阿卡什導彈防御系統,將部署在核心NASAMS導彈系統的外層。